Health-related Quality of Life among Diabetic Patients


Health-related Quality of Life among Diabetic Patients

Diabetes is one of most prevailing disorder around the globe. Counseling related to type II diabetes is an important part of improving health-related quality of life as this disease can reduce physical, mental and social well-being. Moreover it exaggerates the short- and long-term glycemic conditions1.

The worldwide prevalence of diabetes is increasing day by day. The Health-related quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus is affected by several factors such as gender, age, race, socio-economic factors, psycho-social factors, obesity, physical exercise, consumption of alcohol, smoking habits, disease complications, poor control of diabetes mellitus, inadequate health management, solitude, social support and diet/eating habits2.

Continuous counseling improves the health of patients, creates a positive impact on therapeutic outcomes, enhances healthy lifestyles of patients and boosts good social relationships between patients and other individuals3. In this context a new study was designed in order to assess the outcome of counseling on the improvement of health-related quality of life among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the coastal areas of Indonesia4.

Counseling for diabetes mellitus is a health therapy activity involving how to shape patient’s diet or eating habits properly, giving regular medication, blood glucose monitoring and diabetes self-management assisted by public health employees, mothers or other family members.

Health-related quality of life was assessed in respondents with type 2 diabetes mellitus who received counseling in the study, which involved the participation of their family members as private health care advisers who suggested and reinforced the respondents in maintaining their diet/eating habits, routinely checking their blood glucose, taking regular medication and engaging in sports or physical exercise.

The implementation of counseling in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus aims to maintain health by monitoring blood glucose and delaying the development of complications. An active social role through the involvement of family members is imperative for supervising and monitoring their relatives affected by diabetes mellitus to achieve success in diabetes mellitus management. Social support derived from family members can make patients with diabetes mellitus feel peaceful and protected. As such, they do not feel isolated and are willing to cooperate with and follow health advice5.

Health counseling conducted by health professionals and the assistance of family members is an appropriate health intervention that can increase health-related quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus through the supervision and monitoring of healthy lifestyles of patients. This intervention assists public health employees in managing diabetes mellitus. In fact, health services provide to the diabetes mellitus patients are not able to perform optimally because lack of capacity of employee to fulfill the health services.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences


Counseling, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), diabetes mellitus type 2, demographic characteristics, social relationship, supervision and monitoring, capacity of employee, health services, Social support, blood glucose, physical exercise.


  1. Alfian, S.D., H. Sukandar, K. Lestari and R. Abdulah, 2016. Medication Adherence contributes to an improved quality of life in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients: A cross-sectional study. Diabetes Ther., 7: 755-764.
  2. Tennvall, G. R., & Apelqvist, J. (2000). Health-related quality of life in patients with diabetes mellitus and foot ulcers. Diabetes. Compli., 14(5), 235-241.
  3. Adepu, R. and S. Madhu, 2011. Influence of post discharge counseling on health outcomes in diabetic and hypertensive patients. Asian J. Pharmaceut. Clin. Res., 4: 28-33.
  4. Sri Syatriani , 2018. Assessment of Counselling Outcomes on the Improvement of Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Makassar, Indonesia. J. Nutri., 17: 207-213.
  5. Miller, T.A. and M.R. DiMatteo, 2013. Importance of family/social support and impact on adherence to diabetic therapy. Diabetes Metab. Syndrome Obesity: Targets Ther., 6: 421-426.